Back in the colonial days, Callao was the main seaport of the Viceroyalty of Peru: Heapfuls of goods and treasure from the New World passed through the city bound for Spain. This, naturally, made it a pretty enticing target for pirates. The Real Felipe Fortress was constructed in the mid-1700s to repel such raiders. The fortification also played a pivotal and victorious role in the Battle of Callao during the Chincha Islands War of 1866, when Spain made a go at reclaiming Peru as its own again. Today the Real Felipe Fortress, which remains an impressive castle-like structure, hosts a museum of Peruvian military history, which includes everything from Incan weaponry to cannons and tanks. Highlights of a fortress tour include the cramped dungeon and the coastal vistas from the towers.
It doesn't look like much from the outside, but don't let that deter you. It's hard to find, it's... Read more