Situated beside a busy modern road south east of the Acropolis, Hadrian's Arch looks somewhat side-lined, but magnificent all the same. It is believed to have been built to honor a visit to the city by the Roman emperor, perhaps for the dedication of the massive Temple of Zeus nearby.
The arch is similar in design to a Roman triumphal arch, and it bears two intriguing inscriptions, argued over by scholars. On one side it reads, 'this is the city of Theseus' and on the other, 'this is the city of Hadrian, not of Theseus'. Once, it was believed that the arch marked the boundary between the ancient city and new suburban developments, but the latest theory is that Hadrian was claiming to supplant Theseus as the true founder of Athens.
Almost every human being on Earth has "seen" The Acropolis - in a photograph. Seeing it in person... Read more