Translated from the German, "mahnmal" can mean a "memorial" or "a warning." This Hamburg church, dedicated to St. Nikolai, was originally built in the late 12th century and, expanded and occasionally rebuilt over the many years, survived until July 1943, when it was all but destroyed by an Allied bombing raid during World War II. Today, the spire and walls of the nave still stand, but it has ceased to be a church. Instead, it has become a memorial and museum dedicated to the memory of the cost of warfare, particularly aerial bombing. A sculpture garden stands in the roofless nave and a museum is located in the former crypt (the underground area under the name). For a small fee, you can take an elevator to a platform located 75 meters (about 250 feet) up in the spire for a spectacular view of Hamburg. If your timing is right, you may be able to hear a performance on the 51-bell carillon, also located in the spire.
Hamburg is a city with many unique and interesting experiences, and a trip to the Miniatur... Read more